OVN Sandbox

This tutorial shows you how to explore features using ovs-sandbox as a simulated test environment. It’s assumed that you have an understanding of OVS before going through this tutorial. Detail about OVN is covered in ovn-architecture, but this tutorial lets you quickly see it in action.

Getting Started

For some general information about ovs-sandbox, see the “Getting Started” section of the tutorial.

ovs-sandbox does not include OVN support by default. To enable OVN, you must pass the --ovn flag. For example, if running it straight from the OVS git tree you would run:

$ make sandbox SANDBOXFLAGS="--ovn"

Running the sandbox with OVN enabled does the following additional steps to the environment:

  1. Creates the OVN_Northbound and OVN_Southbound databases as described in ovn-nb(5) and ovn-sb(5).
  2. Creates a backup server for OVN_Southbond database. Sandbox launch screen provides the instructions on accessing the backup database. However access to the backup server is not required to go through the tutorial.
  3. Creates the hardware_vtep database as described in vtep(5).
  4. Runs the ovn-northd(8), ovn-controller(8), and ovn-controller-vtep(8) daemons.
  5. Makes OVN and VTEP utilities available for use in the environment, including vtep-ctl(8), ovn-nbctl(8), and ovn-sbctl(8).

Using GDB

GDB support is not required to go through the tutorial. See the “Using GDB” section of the tutorial for more info. Additional flags exist for launching the debugger for the OVN programs:

--gdb-ovn-northd
--gdb-ovn-controller
--gdb-ovn-controller-vtep

Creating OVN Resources

Once you have ovs-sandbox running with OVN enabled, you can start using OVN utilities to create resources in OVN. As an example, we will create an environment that has two logical switches connected by a logical router.

Create the first logical switch with one port:

$ ovn-nbctl ls-add sw0
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw0 sw0-port1
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses sw0-port1 "50:54:00:00:00:01 192.168.0.2"

Create the second logical switch with one port:

$ ovn-nbctl ls-add sw1
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw1 sw1-port1
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses sw1-port1 "50:54:00:00:00:03 11.0.0.2"

Create the logical router and attach both logical switches:

$ ovn-nbctl lr-add lr0
$ ovn-nbctl lrp-add lr0 lrp0 00:00:00:00:ff:01 192.168.0.1/24
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw0 lrp0-attachment
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-type lrp0-attachment router
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses lrp0-attachment 00:00:00:00:ff:01
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-options lrp0-attachment router-port=lrp0
$ ovn-nbctl lrp-add lr0 lrp1 00:00:00:00:ff:02 11.0.0.1/24
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-add sw1 lrp1-attachment
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-type lrp1-attachment router
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-addresses lrp1-attachment 00:00:00:00:ff:02
$ ovn-nbctl lsp-set-options lrp1-attachment router-port=lrp1

View a summary of OVN’s current logical configuration:

$ ovn-nbctl show
    switch 1396cf55-d176-4082-9a55-1c06cef626e4 (sw1)
        port lrp1-attachment
            addresses: ["00:00:00:00:ff:02"]
        port sw1-port1
            addresses: ["50:54:00:00:00:03 11.0.0.2"]
    switch 2c9d6d03-09fc-4e32-8da6-305f129b0d53 (sw0)
        port lrp0-attachment
            addresses: ["00:00:00:00:ff:01"]
        port sw0-port1
            addresses: ["50:54:00:00:00:01 192.168.0.2"]
    router f8377e8c-f75e-4fc8-8751-f3ea03c6dd98 (lr0)
        port lrp0
            mac: "00:00:00:00:ff:01"
            networks: ["192.168.0.1/24"]
        port lrp1
            mac: "00:00:00:00:ff:02"
            networks: ["11.0.0.1/24"]

The tutorial directory of the OVS source tree includes a script that runs all of the commands for you:

$ ./ovn-setup.sh

Using ovn-trace

Once you have configured resources in OVN, try using ovn-trace to see how OVN would process a sample packet through its logical pipeline.

For example, we can trace an IP packet from sw0-port1 to sw1-port1. The --minimal output shows each visible action performed on the packet, which includes:

  1. The logical router will decrement the IP TTL field.
  2. The logical router will change the source and destination MAC addresses to reflect the next hop.
  3. The packet will be output to sw1-port1.
$ ovn-trace --minimal sw0 'inport == "sw0-port1" \
> && eth.src == 50:54:00:00:00:01 && ip4.src == 192.168.0.2 \
> && eth.dst == 00:00:00:00:ff:01 && ip4.dst == 11.0.0.2 \
> && ip.ttl == 64'

# ip,reg14=0x1,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=50:54:00:00:00:01,dl_dst=00:00:00:00:ff:01,nw_src=192.168.0.2,nw_dst=11.0.0.2,nw_proto=0,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64
ip.ttl--;
eth.src = 00:00:00:00:ff:02;
eth.dst = 50:54:00:00:00:03;
output("sw1-port1");

The ovn-trace utility can also provide much more detail on how the packet would be processed through OVN’s logical pipeline, as well as correlate that to OpenFlow flows programmed by ovn-controller. See the ovn-trace(8) man page for more detail.